Step 1 of 10 10% Contact DetailsName* First Last Email* PhoneGrammarWelcome! This part of the assessment will test your knowledge of English grammar, sentence structure and word forms.Directions(questions 1 - 25) Read each statement or question. Select the answer that is most grammatically correct.1. Larry has been here __________ seven years.*forsinceduringin2. Sometimes __________ appears in the sky after it rains.*a rainbowthe rainbowrainbowsome rainbow3. The box containing envelopes __________ on my desk.wereisarehave been4. The room is crowded, but there are __________ seats left.fewa fewfewera fewer5. The train __________ departed before he arrived at the station.*hashadhavehaving6. He kept _______________ in the desk.*his old both notebookshis both old notebooksboth his old notebooksboth old his notebooks7. _______________ he tries, he cannot succeed.*BecauseEven thoughSinceHowever8. I promise I _______________ see you*shouldmaywillwould9. I am very sorry. I did not hear what you said. Would you mind _______________ that again?*saysayingto saysaid10. When I _______________ this letter, I'll play baseball.*finishwill finishdid finishwas finished11. The father, _______________ with his son's report card, took him to the circus.*pleasingbeing pleaseis pleasedpleased12. James drove too fast to see the child. In other words, James _______________ .*went to see the childcouldn't see the childwanted to see the childwouldn't see the child13. They have a very nice car, _______________ ?*doesn't itisn't itaren't theydon't they14. I haven't seen _______________ with short hair lately.*somebodyanybodyno onesomeone15. John would have passed his exams if he _______________ hard.*would workwill workhad workedis working16. After John _______________ all day at school, he goes home to rest and watch TV.*had spentspentis spendingspends17. Some friends of _______________ invited my wife and me for dinner.*usoursmemy18. The students asked what kind of exam _______________ have.*will theythey willwould theythey would19. He'll fail the exam _______________ his work.*unless he improvesif he improvesunless he doesn't improveif he didn't improve20. He is used to _______________ up early.*getbe gettinghave gotgetting21. The foreign student asked his professor for _______________ .*the adviceadvicessome advicean advice22. "We _______________ to hurry or we'll be late."*shouldmustoughthad23. We're going fishing. _______________ you like to come?*DoMayShouldWould24. My father commanded _______________ .*to me go to schoolme to go to schoolfor me to go to schoolgo to school25. Yesterday the congress passed a bill even though it was certain that the President _______________ it two days later.*vetoedwill vetowould vetowill be vetoingCongratulations!You have just completed the grammar section of the assessment. Click "NEXT" below to move on to the vocabulary section. Vocabulary - Part IWelcome! This part of the assessment will test your knowledge of vocabulary.Directions(questions 26 - 40) Select the answer that has the same meaning as the underlined word or words by choosing the corresponding radio button.26. The nature of their relationship was transitory.*permanentcriticalsinceretermporary27. The evolution of man is fascinating.*developmentdevaluationdehumanizationdeportment28. Mary said that she was fed up.*not hungryravenousdisgustedsatisfied29. We terminated our friendship.*endedenlargedbegankept30. Significant*DangerousImportantIrrelevantAdvisable31. The teacher questioned the indifferent student.*unlikelydissimilarapatheticsolitary32. We anticipate problems when the new store opens.*hurryexpectknowprecede33. I could not account for her lack of interest in the project.*appreciaterecommendexplaincondone34. My literature instructor was an erudite man.*activelearnederroneouserect35. The error was obvious.*clearunnecessaryobscureinfrequent36. He was compelled to shoot the animal.*urgedpermittedadviseddiscouraged37. It was announced that the vital matters would be discussed.*adjustableprogrammedlivelynecessary38. The problem was perplexing.*commonconfusinguniqueelementary39. Despair*to surviveto break upto criticizeto lose hope40. Scrutinize*to seize suddenlyto examine closelyto hit forcefullyto hold tightly Vocabulary - Part 2Directions(questions 41 - 55) Select the answer that best completes each sentence.41. He _______________ all the accusations, insisting he was innocent.*deniedderiveddefendedapplauded42. To begin again is to _______________ .*resideresumeresignresort43. The chairman is a _______________ man and will not yield on this issue.*mildacquiescentstubbornstunt44. The examination required a(n) _______________ of the student's ideas.*symposiumsynthesisthesishypothesis45. The criticism was erroneously _______________ to an American author.*attributedenabledresolvedactivated46. We must hurry if we want to _______________ all the material in class today.*recovercoverpasspass over47. In two minutes give a _______________ explanation of evolution.*condenseconcisebrieflydetailed48. The crowd was _______________ when the fireworks didn't begin on time.*elateddisappointeddisruptedenchanted49. Are you _______________ that I am not telling the truth?*implicatinginducingestimatingimplying50. Your views are not broad enough. They are too _______________ .*restrictedextractedprojectedrespected51. I could not hear the sound because it was _______________ .*invisibleineffableinaudibleinevitable52. How far does this property _______________ ?*contractextendexpandextent53. The strike was not ended until they decided to _______________ .*treatyagreementcompromiserepeal54. The invading armies _______________ the country.*desolatedprecededrumbledinjured55. John replied in an irate tone of voice because he was _______________ .*calmangryhappyboredCongratulations!You have just completed the vocabulary section of the assessment. Click "NEXT" below to move on to the reading comprehension section. Reading ComprehensionWelcome! This section of the assessment will test your comprehension of written English.Directions(questions 56 - 59) Read the following passage. Choose the best answer to each question according to what is stated or implied in the passage.Joshua Abraham Norton called himself the Emperor of North America and the Protector of Mexico. He was an amiable and beloved eccentric who “reigned” in San Francisco, California from 1850 to 1880. Norton was thought to be an Englishman whose mind had broken under financial disaster. With his faithful dogs, Bummer and Lazarus, he patrolled the streets dressed in a gold-braided army uniform and a plumed hat, inspecting buildings and checking up on policemen. Newspapers published his “proclamations,” stores honored his paper money, the city gave him a pension, and 300,000 mourners attended his funeral.56. Joshua Norton's behavior was odd because...*he took walks with his dogshe named himself as a rulerhe lived in Californiahe acted so mean and cruel57. The cause of Norton's strange behavior was believed to be...*greedmalicejealousyinsanity58. How did the people of San Francisco feel about Norton?*They wanted him to leave town.They thought his behavior was inexcusable.They liked him in spite of his behavior.They disliked him and teased him.59. When Norton took his walks he must have looked like...*a bankeran engineera craftsmana soldier Directions(questions 60 - 63) Read the following passage. Choose the best answer to each question according to what is stated or implied in the passage.Scientists working on a problem do not know and sometimes can’t even guess what the final result will be. Professor Roentgen was a physicist at the University of Wuerzburg in Germany. Late on Friday, November 8, 1895, he was doing an experiment in his laboratory when he noticed something extraordinary. He had covered an electric bulb with black cardboard, and when he switched on the current, he saw little dancing lights on his table. The bulb was completely covered; how then could any ray penetrate? On the table there were some pieces of paper, which had been covered with metal salts. It was on this paper that the lights were shining. Professor Roentgen took a piece of this paper and held it at a distance from the lamp. Between it and the lamp he placed a variety of objects: a book, a pack of cards, a piece of wood, and a door key. The ray penetrated every one of them except the key. This mysterious ray could shine through everything except the metal. He called his wife into the laboratory and asked her to hold her hand between the lamp and a photographic plate. She was very surprised by this request, but she obediently held up her hand for a quarter of an hour, and when the plate was developed there was a picture of the bones of her hand and of the ring on one finger. The ray could pass through the flesh but not through the bone or the ring.60. Professor Roentgen discovered the x-ray...*through careful planningby a fortunate accidentin the eighteenth centrueywith the help of other doctors61. The extraordinary thing was that the light was shining on the paper although...*professor Roentgen had switched it offit was late and the laboratory was darkthe paper was covered with metal saltsthe bulb was covered with cardboard62. Professor Roentgen found that the x-ray could penetrate...*everything except metal and boneseverythingmetal and bonesblack cardboard only63. The most suitable title for the passage above would be...*"Professor Roentgen, The Physicist""Mrs. Roentgen and Her Husband""The Discovery of the X-Ray""X-Ray and Bones" Directions(questions 64 - 68) Read the following passage. Choose the best answer to each question according to what is stated or implied in the passage.SOUTH CAROLINA AREA: 31,055 square miles, including 775 square miles of water; 0.86 percent of total United States; 40th state in size POPULATION (2000): 4,012,012; 1.4 percent of total United States; 26th state in population; 133.2 persons per square mile; 60.5 percent urban, 39.5 percent rural MOUNTAIN RANGE: Blue Ridge CHIEF MOUNTAIN PEAKS (height given in feet): Sassafras (3,560); Pinnacle (3,425); Hogback (3,226); Caesar’s Head (3,208) LARGEST LAKES: Marion, Moultrie, Murray, Catawba, Hartwell MOST IMPORTANT RIVERS: Santee, Savannah, Pee Dee, Cooper, Edisto NATIONAL PARKS AND MONUMENTS: King’s Mountain National Military Park, 3,905 acres (1931); Fort Sumter National Monument, 36 acres (1948) STATE PARKS: Total of 28 including Andrew Jackson Historical, Cheraw, Hunting Island, King’s Mountain, Myrtle Beach, Oconee, Poinsett, Rivers Bridge Confederate ADDITIONAL PLACES OF INTEREST: Magnolia and Cypress Gardens, near Charleston; Fort Moultrie; Parris Island; Sand Hills State Forest; Cowpens Battlefield Site, near Chesnee; Fort Hill, Clemson; St. Philip’s Church, Charleston64. In land area, South Carolina...*includes a total of 775 square milesis smaller than the majority of the 50 statesrepresents 86 percent of the total land area of the United Statesincludes 31,055 acres of water65. Regarding mountain peaks within the state,*Sassafras is less tall than HogbackHogback is taller than PinnacleHogback and Pinnacle are the same sizeCaesar's Head is less tall than Pinnacle66. National parks within the state...*include Confederate Memorial and King's Mountainare 28 in numbersuggest the great variety of landscapesvary greatly according to size67. If visiting South Carolina on vacation, one might...*be impressed by the consistency in the scenery.want to go skiing on Lake Pee Deewant to see Magnolia and Cypress Gardenswant to see the Cowpens Battlefield at Charleston68. In terms of population, South Carolina has...*the greatest concentration of its people in rural areasa large percentage of the United States' populationunder three million according to the 2000 censusmore than 100 persons per square mile Directions(questions 69 - 72) Read the following passage. Choose the best answer to each question according to what is stated or implied in the passage.The modern family stands in marked contrast to the earlier agricultural family; in the latter, economic functions are particularly prominent, the family being an almost completely self-sustaining business enterprise. Under these conditions, marriage is favored, since a wife is needed on the farm, and children are useful workers. In such a system the efficiency and suitability of mates is emphasized over affection as a basis for marriage. With the growth of the factory system and the rise of cities, family life has undergone profound changes. Many of the economic functions have been transferred outside of the family so that economic functions left are few. The educational, religious, recreational, and protective functions that typically were addressed in the family have also been transferred outside the family. Now schools, churches, governments, and commercial recreational agencies are responsible for these functions. Consequently, the main functions in many families are to love and enjoy one another. In light of the aforementioned, it is to be expected that in marriage today, the affectional aspect would be emphasized to the extreme. Many agree that nowhere in the world has romantic love been so emphasized in starting marriage as in the United States today.69. The present emphasis on romantic love in the United States has developed because...*there is more leisure today, so a couple has more time to devote to love.in U.S. society many responsibilities have been taken over by other agencies outside the home; affection between the mates remains and is emphasizedthe many failures in marriage have brought the belief that romantic love is important for a happy homepresent knowledge of psychology emphasizes affection as an important part of married life.70. Many in the U.S. believe that coherence within the modern family is dependent on...*the growth of self-sustaining business enterprises within the family.the growth of the gross national productthe quality and quantity of affection between the matesthe competence and sustainability of the two mates71. In earlier times, the selection of a mate was based primarily on...*ability to provide a home for the childrenability to provide a strong religious and moral educationability to contribute to economic survivalall of the above72. It is obvious from the author's conclusion that...*technology has contributed to a romantic concept of marriage.the modern family is more interested in education than farmingthe agricultural family was more prosperousthe American concept of the family is old-fashioned Directions(questions 73 - 76) Read the following paragraph. Choose the best answer to each question according to what is stated or implied in the passage.Capstan is a planet in the distant Vertex solar system. In a recent letter to the noted English astronomer, Sir Ralph Johnson, the world famous Harvard astronomer Dr. Stanley G. Wyatt has summarized the current speculations as to the nature of this planet and its inhabitants. The inhabitants of Capstan are most likely green colored beings who are very tall. Believed to be gentle by nature, these beings probably subsist on moss-like plants. They most likely live in huts constructed from clay, which they have built with their three hands. Possessing fantastic strength, the inhabitants are well suited to the mountainous terrain of the planet. The atmosphere is colored bright orange and consists mainly of the gas argon. Long grass is the principal form of vegetation on this planet, the temperature of which, by earth standards, is very hot. The planet’s orbit around the sun describes an ellipse, and one such orbit takes 4 earth years to complete. Astronomers admit that the preceding description of Capstan is very speculative but it is believed that these statements are quite possibly true, given the information we have so far.73. Who discovered Capstan?*Sir Ralph JohnsonDr. Stanley G. Wyattvarious astronomersan unnamed individual74. The principal form of food of the inhabitants of Capstan is probably...*mossvegetableslong grassa plant similar to moss75. What takes place every 4 years?*an ellipse around the sunCapstan completes one circle around the earthCapstan completes one circle around the sunone orbit around Capstan76. Which of the following features of the inhabitants of Capstan is not mentioned in Dr. Wyatt's letter?*their fantastic strengththeir having three eyestheir definite green colortheir height Directions(questions 77 - 80) Read the following paragraph. Choose the best answer to each question according to what is stated or implied in the passage.The meteorology of the continent is generally influenced by the incidence of the monsoon, and so in Zone A the direction of the prevailing wind remains almost constant for the season, i.e., north-westerly in winter and southerly in summer. The rainfall is more abundant than in Zone B, but scanty compared with that in Zone C, and for the most part ranges from 20 inches to 60 inches a year, diminishing from south to north. Zone A is, unlike Zone C, outside the track of typhoons or earthquakes, and so enjoys immunity from their visitations. But between June and August, the wet months of the year, streams are flooded and great damage is done to crops. Throughout the rest of the year the rainfall is minimal, the air is semi-arid, and there are many hours of bright sunshine. Foggy days in Zone A during the year number as many as 70 around the southern seashores, decreasing to as few as 20 in the more northern latitudes. The fog, as a rule, is thicker farther offshore, and in June and July, the season when it is the densest, a fog will sometimes last for several days.77. The rainfall in Zone C is usually...*more than 60 inches20 inches12 inchesless than 12 inches78. Typhoons obviously pass through...*Zone AZone BZone CAll of the above79. In June and August, Zone A has...*floodsminimal rainfallearthquakesbright sunshine80. The rainfall in Zone B is...*less than in Zone A and Cmore than in Zone A and Cthe same as in Zone Anone of the above.Congratulations!You have just completed the reading comprehension section of the assessment. Click "NEXT" below to move on to the writing section. Writing*This section of the assessment is designed to measure your ability to use English grammar, vocabulary and writing conventions. Of the following two topics, please choose one to write about in as much detail as possible. You may not use a dictionary or any other support device. Feel free to outline what you would like to say before you actually write. Good luck! Topic #1: Technology (television, computers) has destroyed communication among friends and family. Do you agree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Topic #2: In some countries, students have jobs while attending school. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and details.